“Zani i Naltë” a scientific and cultural magazine, a publication of the Albanian Muslim Community, had at the end of this autumn its 90-th aniversary of foundation… Like “Hylli i Dritës” and many other good things made by the fathers of Albania independence, with the goal of accompanying and taking care of mental and spiritual recovery of the Albanian nation, “Zani i Naltë” experienced its own tragedy for more than half a century because of the fascist regime, and later, of the communist one. But it did not die, because good and fair things in which are embodied the consciousness and dream for peace and prosperity of the nation, never die. Since its birth, this magazine was defined as the scaffold for the Islamic science, sociology, psychology, literature, history, morality and national literature. It comes out regenerated, with exactly the same sublime aim.
2. Qur’anic letters and their pronunciation II
M.A. Elton Karaj
Tajwid is the science that deals and analyze in details the reading of Qur’an, the Holy Book letters. It is one of the most deeply analyzed and elaborated sciences over the centuries, due to its importance. The reading of Qur’an is one of the fundamental aspects of a Muslim worship and furthermore, it is a worship act in itself. By this viewpoint, believers have shown a great attention in the theoretical studies and for the practical application of the knowledge that tajwid science offers.
Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abbadi
President of Mohammedan Scholars League, Morocco
The verse: “We will reveal to you (Muhammed) a ponderous (high) word,” contains an important concept that is the concept of settlement and establishment (revelation)…
It was revealed to the Messenger of Allah, and through him, being communicated and interpreted to the other people. This message was revealed by Allah’s help through the passing of this ponderous word to the honoured Prophet (a.s), and through him to the other worlds, and by means of the transmission of this ponderous word through the Prophet’s own being, which caused him tremendous sufferings. Thus, through numerous examples we have managed to express our multidimensional definitions, being able to accept and hear the clarity of the word’s burden of this ponderous message, embodied in the personality of the honored Prophet.
During all the course of events that determine the fate of Albania and Albanians throughout history, no doubt, the Albanian Ulamas in the today’s Macedonian territory deserve a respectable place, which should take place in the annals of history, and which is an important part of the Albanian people contribution and glory.
In different circumstances, the Albanian ulema, that in the majority of cases were also teachers in schools of different categories, were distinguished for a dignitous stance, they never allowed the religion become an obstacle in our people’s progress. They understood very well the hadith of our Prophet, which they repeated in wvwry circumnstance, in both languages Arabic and Albanian: “Hubul vatan min el iman” (Love for the country comes from faith). Especially the Renaissance period, which was also an enlightenment movement, aimed at raising national awareness, and influenced religion not hinder, but rather to put itself in service of the nation.
Ilir Akshija, M.D., M.Sc.
University Hospital Center, Tirana
Evidence indicates the relationship between names and religious affiliation, especially in the elder portion of the Albanian population. This assumption is supported from studies who analyze the frequency of religious provenience names and their geographical spread. In this study, we built a net of data from admissions at the largest Albanian hospital, split in three historical periods and analyzed the evolution of personal Muslim names use. The fortunate characteristic of Albania is that represents the point of encounter for three religious categories, Muslims, Christian Catholics and Christian Orthodox. What happened and the trend of using Muslim names in the Albanian population is discussed taking in consideration three, well distinguished, historical periods; 1904-1945, 1946-1991, and 1991-2011.
Language and Literature
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahim Ombashi
Faculty of Humanities, Hëna e Plotë – Beder University, Tirana
Mass acceptance of Islam by the Albanians does not represent a betrayal to fellow or Christian neighbors, is justified as a political imperative, not only, a call taken to reinforce their particular identity. Sociology of religion reveals Ottoman heritage in Albania created and maintained a significant Islamic spiritual culture, which included extensive penetration of Sufism and Albanian Muslim consciousness, which continues to be a strong element of Islamic culture in the Balkans. Islamology general influenced the poetic works of alamiadist Nezim Frakulla with themes, ideas, thoughts, philosophy, morality, ethics, to which convergence. His religious consciousness raised linguistic consciousness, enlightenment, political, social, aiming was like Rumi … With quantum resonance method his albanian divan indicates discursive interactions in philosophy, events, findings poetic, proverbs, messages go from the outside world of the interior, which means it Sunni official religious lines to overtly mystical Sufi views, with a trend in the domestic foreign trust, and mysticism, esoteric religious faith stands as Islamic poetry, which is built on foreign vocabulary. Nezim knew to observationing, had thrifty imagination, dexterity processing, assimilating the object of turning homeland in poetry, ditiramb Albanian song miss Berat, Albania, because it feels musical interpretation of words between the social communication. With the right T. S. Eliot states that no art is more national than poetry.
Key words: identity, sociology of religion, sufism, alamiado, divan.
Mois Kamberi, Durrës
As in many regions of Albania, at the end of the XIX century and in the early XX century, the educational and cultural movement in Debar took larger proportions, turning Debar into a determinant territory of the Albanian education widespread in northeastern Albania and in other Albanian provinces.
The prevalence of Albanian schools, the Albanian language learning, the distribution of the Albanian books and newspapers in Debar and its highlands on the eve of the Ottoman constitution and even after this period, was obvious. The educational and cultural movement in Debar had reached a high degree, which led to the creation of a social stratum of educated and aware people, who would become the main support for the Albanian National Movement program’s implementation.
The Albanian clergymen, without religion and regional distinction, along to the other Rennaisants, have had a powerful contribution in the entire Albanian people progress towards the freedom and indipendence. They stood close to the people during all their difficulties. When needed, their embraced the weapons during the age-long wars against the Slavic occupators and pashas injustices, and furthermore, they were elected in charge of the new Albanian state, by guiding the Albanian Union of Prizren, the National Assembly of Vlora, the New Albanian State Senate established by Lushnja Government etc, but at the same time, they were closer to the Albanian people in field of education and teaching process of the new generations.
Clergymen gave a valuable contribution in the Albanian language cultivation through several aspects:
Our Islam culture personalities, even in this difficult sphere gave their precious contribute where we can state names such as: Hasan Vogli, Hafiz Ali Ulqinaku, Hafiz Ali Korca, Hafiz Ibrahim Dalliu, and to the youngest scholars such as Imam Vehbi Ismaili, Haxhi Vehbi Gavoçi etc.
9. The freedom inside the Islamic political system
M.A. Redi Shehu
When we compare two systems of government, we do this by taking into consideration the principial methods of their functioning, and do not undertake bringing into the light of comparison the distortions that have occurred throughout the history of governments. If we had to get into this impasse, we would have to analyze all dysfunctional democracies in the world today. So, such a comparison doesn’t deal with abnormalities, but focuses in the source and principles on which are buildt the governing concepts of both types.
Metaphysical and verbal communication (Part two)
Ferit Lika, (Albanian Muslim Community)
The Muslim intellectual, along with the essential knowledge of Islam and the global views of Islam, along with his combined essential elements, should know that communication and physiognomy of Islam, is dedicated at a broad scale to the cult objects, from where its message has been transmitted and still continues to transmit. According to the well-known Belgian researcher Titus Burchkardt, the study of Islamic arts (including architecture), or whatever other sacred art, can lead to a broader meaning of the deep spiritual realities that lie at the root of an entire human and cosmic world.
Prof. dr. Njazi Kazazi
University of Shkodra “Luigj Gurakuqi”, Department of Linguistics
Notable figures who have left their traces in our nation’s history, will always be recalled with deep respect and gratitude. In recent years they are being more outstanding, re-dimenssioned and are taking the place they deserve. This also happened with Daut Efendi Boriçi (1825-1896), a “Honorable Teacher”, who at his 100-th anniversary of death, was remembered through a scientific activity and through a 88-page edition, published by Shkodra’s Historical Museum.
Compared with the other part of the ancient global population, Arabs made a very small minority. A small number of this minority decided to send the “Sword” outside the Arabic desert borders, to the powerful Persian and Roman Empires, to the Mediterranean shores and the Malabar coast and further, in East Indies Islands. All nations one by one surrendered to this “Sword”. It simply acquired the hearts, while the bodies were surrendered automatically.
This is the “Sword” of the Truth, which brightness cancel the lie, exactly like the light cancel the darkness.
The publishing of the“Zani i Naltë” magazine has been an notable event, an expression and sign of civilization.
“Zani i Naltë” magazine, was born when the uncertainties were still present, where the war and the progress didn’t occurred on a soft ground, where appeared a number of currents, in which there fleshed real and couragous values for that time, which stimulated the progress based upon the most active values of the Islamic and the Albanian thinking.
“Zani i Naltë” delivered those suitable and selected values for the Albanian people psychology, morality and ideals. By means of the wide and polemical information, the magazine fastened of the steps towards the progress. So “Zani i Naltë” became a meeting point, a door and a wide field on a path that brought towards the progress.
Prof. As. Dr. Gentiana Skura – Tirana University
This publication we today have the honor to promote, entitled“The Muslim leaders’ contribution in the formation of national consciousness and identity”, is a comprehensive reflection about the Muslim scholars and clergymen help and contribution on the Albanianism and Albanian nation’s progress. This publication is based on the scientific conference papers by the same title, held a year ago.
Dr. Tonin Çobani
National Council of Radio and Television, Tirana
The publication of the Scientific Conference materials on “The Muslim leaders’ contribution in the formation of national consciousness and identity” (Tirana, 28-29 September 2012), is an important cultural event, because it aims to put in a common denominator the activities of a nation whose religions are not unified with the state that celebrates its 100-th anniversary. With the concept “common denominator”, I understand the Albanian national identity of the three main religions: Muslims, Catholics and Orthodox.
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